Quantum Economics’ Gerald Votta has a theory about the true identity of Bitcoin’s creator Satoshi Nakamoto: the author of the initial response to the white paper itself.
Ever since Satoshi Nakamoto, the pseudonym of the inventor of Bitcoin (BTC), disappeared in 2011, there have been no shortage of theories about her identity.
Hal Finney, Dorian Satoshi Nakamoto, Nick Szabo, and Craig Wright have all been mentioned as possible contenders (although Wright is the main person pushing this latest theory).
Now, after months of research, Gerald Votta, Director of GameFi Research at Quantum Economics, believes he has found the answer to Satoshi’s true identity: Canadian cryptographer James A. Donald. In new research published Wednesday, Votta presents intriguing circumstantial evidence that he believes proves a link.
Donald was the first to comment on the Bitcoin white paper in 2008, which piqued Votta’s interest. Votta wrote that the “almost instantaneous” time was “very suspicious” and compelled him to “look deeper into his [Donald’s] life”.
Votta explained to Cointelegraph:
“If you watch the time, Donald comments minutes after the Bitcoin whitepaper was published and asks Satoshi such a specific question – how could you read the whitepaper, analyze it and come up with this amazing scaling question in about three minutes? ? It is almost impossible”.
Votta wrote that Donald also met all requirements up to a C: “Donald not only had a deep knowledge of computers, programming and cryptography, he was also well-versed in economics, history and law. However, it was his own words that helped me connect him to Satoshi Nakamoto.”
This isn’t the first time this theory has surfaced. Back in 2014, a post by user Bruno Kucinskas on the online forum Bitcointalk pointed to the same evidence of rapid response and sparked controversy. One user claimed that the timestamp differs in the archives, while another suggested that the time zones differ from those suggested, raising doubts about the time span between publication and response.
There’s also a chance that Satoshi and Donald spoke privately before posting the question and answer publicly. Votta told Cointelegraph that he’s read all of these counterarguments, but his evidence “speaks for itself.” He noted that the Donald Crypto Kong Project website alone “is literally the epitome of Bitcoin.”
Votta’s research focused on Crypto Kong, software that uses elliptic curve cryptography to electronically sign documents. “This particular program is uncannily familiar with the basic fundamentals of Bitcoin,” he wrote, while Votta’s blog post addressed the similarities between the information on the website and the whitepaper.
The Echeque website has details on Crypto Kong and “echeque.com” was Donald’s email domain “email@example.com”. According to Votta, Donald Satoshi sent an email from this address at least once.
In addition to the evidence, the main Crypto Kong page on the Echeque website shows a collapsed example of Kong on the right side of the screen with a digital signature that matches that sent by Satoshi Nakamoto to the thirty-fourth character.
So why would Satoshi have a conversation with himself from two different addresses when it’s actually Donald? According to Votta, this tactic was a ploy to “maintain anonymity and create a dissenting opinion about Bitcoin.”
Email correspondence between Satoshi and Donald. Source: Metzdaud.
He also backs up his claim with evidence gathered through analysis of the written language used by Satoshi. “[Donald’s] messages contained language that made me think of Satoshi,” he wrote.
On the topic: From Dorian Nakamoto to Elon Musk: an incomplete list of people, allegedly Satoshi Nakamoto
He states that Satoshi’s “excellent command of not only English but also North American English” means he was likely born, raised, or educated in either the United States, Great Britain, or a former British colony.
For example, Satoshi uses the word “chancellor” and the British spelling of the word “favor”.
Similarly, he was able to associate Satoshi with Donald through a peculiar use of the word “Chaumyan.” Donald used the word in an email reply about Digicash patents on August 3, 2003, and Satoshi also used it in an email reply on February 11, 2009.