The advent of the internet showed that we have a digital personality who can amplify our true power through the ability to interact with people anywhere on earth and coordinate actions that our physical selves could not.
But our digital selves are imprisoned – locked up on the private computers owned by Facebook, Google, Amazon, Netflix, Twitter, the list goes on. In reality, these private monopolies do not produce technology. Instead, their product is us – our digital selves, and the whole purpose is to extract as much value as possible from us.
Many people realize that blockchain technology has the potential to break through these private monopolies and oligopolies, but unfortunately no particular blockchain has been able to expand outside the current blockchain and cryptocurrency community.
And if that were the case, it would not technically be able to support the growth and acceptance necessary for all people on Earth to take control of their digital identity. why? Is it just choosing the right features? Do you want proof of effort? Fragmentation?
Unfortunately, the problem is much larger than one or two missing features, and it will not be solved by planned changes to the existing protocols, as the problems are of the essence of how they are built. The structure itself limits the vertical scalability of these platforms.
What is vertical scale?
Scalability is a method for managing the growth of a single node (computer) on a network. Blockchains are databases that never reject information. The information is only added to the database, and it is not deleted. This makes growth a bigger problem. Moreover, most blockchains are not designed to efficiently use different parts of a computer. This results in a large database, which inefficiently uses a lot of the computing resources on a given machine.
To compensate for these shortcomings, node operators rely on the quality of expensive enterprise hardware – especially RAM or RAM and fast non-volatile memory, or NVMe – which extends the ability to participate in the network (node operations) including It exceeds the reach of ordinary people. And somehow we have to believe that this is not bad for decentralization!
But the pieces!
Ironically, one of the strongest arguments for the expansion crisis is the level of demand for expansion solutions.
At the time of writing, the entire Ethereum node is under 500GB. Nothing of the sort! However, it is true that a complex and risky mechanism must be added to Ethereum so that the blockchain can be broken, and precious computational resources should be used to only enable these “scissors” to communicate with each other, let alone actually perform meaningful calculations.
The problem is that horizontal scaling – segmentation – does not replace vertical scaling. Imagine you have a factory that produces 1,000 cars a year, but a demand for 2,000 cars is enough. What do you do first: build a new factory or try to produce more cars from an existing factory? The upgrade optimizes the plant to produce more cars before only building a new plant. Blockchain nodes are “factory” and their output is determined by how efficiently the components are used in a computer.
From first-hand experience, blockchain is not significantly optimized when it comes to managing node resources, making it an ideal candidate for vertical scaling solutions.