The COVID-19 pandemic has affected people’s lives, the relationship between governments and citizens, as well as the entire global economy, and of course it has had a major impact on the US presidential election.
Due to social exclusion, a large number of American voters chose to vote by mail, which prolonged the count period, forced candidate and incumbent President Donald Trump to legitimize the electoral process by taking actions in several states, and sparked heated debate in the current trend. American Elections. Systems.
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The current audio system of the digital age
Many people now suggest “mobile” voting as an alternative, more consistent with the times of day, so that people can vote from home.
We have an opportunity to shop online, there are professions that are 100% externally, which have increased in intensity due to the current epidemic, but the decision still needs to be made in person and in a specific place.
Doesn’t this contradict the digital age, where information and technology serve as a means of communication, data transfer and business transactions?
How to choose a mobile phone or external selection without compromising the security of the turnout? Adding blockchain solutions to the mobile voting process can provide confidence in the electoral system and bring peace to the electoral process.
On the topic: Blockchain electronic voting: the experience of Naples, Italy
The combination of blockchain hashing and encryption in a distributed architecture allows you to protect voter identities and fully verify all votes entered into the blockchain platform, which can provide secure and transparent voting mechanisms with election monitoring.
Imagine how good it would be to check if your vote actually counted for your chosen candidate, with the absolute assurance that the secret of your vote was? All of this is possible with blockchain technology.
On the topic: The promise and reality of the role of the blockchain in global elections
US Electoral Authorities and Blockchain Pilot
Electoral jurisdictions in several U.S. states have tested blockchain-based voting using mobile apps for state, federal, and local elections – primarily to enable the military and civilians to vote remotely using smartphones and tablets rather than traditional methods, but also by mail, fax, and paper. …
West Virginia, for example, allowed blockchain mobile voting in state and federal elections in 2018. Denver, Colorado; Utah County, Utah; Two counties in Oregon have also tested pilot projects for the 2019 municipal elections. In total, the Voatz mobile app was tested for voting in official elections in 29 counties in five states.
In all of the above examples, the electoral process proved to be simpler and more accessible, much to the surprise of many and yet the authorities’ responsibility to vote through the blockchain.
For this reason, there are already proponents of using blockchain in the US elections.
The position of American politicians on the mobile voting
As a result of the good work mentioned in the previous section, there are already prominent figures in US politics raising the banner of blockchain-based mobile voting, such as Bradley Tusk, American businessman, philanthropist, political strategist and founder of Tusk Philanthropies; Mike Quinn is the Vice President of the West Virginia Secretary of State’s Cabinet. Jocelyn Bocaro is the director of elections for Denver.
But since we live in an era of polarization, there are people who strongly oppose mobile voting, including blockchain voting. In this sense, we can turn to Jeremy Epstein, a member of the Computer Science Association’s American Technology Policy Committee. It is important to note here that Epstein, who was the vice chair of the commission at the time, co-authored a report on election safety titled “Voting via Email and the Internet: A Deleted Threat to Election Security,” which was developed in conjunction with a common cause, the National Coalition to Defend Parity and the R Street Institute.
The report says blockchain and Internet voting are targets for online attacks from foreign intelligence, and states that the transmission of ballot papers via the Internet, including via email, fax and blockchain systems, makes them vulnerable.
Despite all the positives and negatives, are there really solutions that can protect citizens from rigging the election results? How should identity verification be used in the process? What projects and solutions can we implement to verify identity during the voting process, and how will they work?