For the first time in Romania, in the national parliamentary elections held in November, blockchain technology was used, the main purpose of which is to ensure the integrity of the electoral process and increase transparency. The government sought to ensure that real-time voter presence data was not tampered with.
There is still a way to go before voters have the right to record, administer, count, and review votes (without giving it to electoral authorities), allowing them to have a copy of the voting quota. Nevertheless, prospects were expressed for promoting the development of technology-based social dialogue and protecting democratic values.
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News about the use of blockchain technology in elections in Romania
Blockchain technology has been adopted in many industries where there was a need for a chain of trust for the flow of information, as any change made to such a flow should be visible and noticeable. Elections have been shown to be an area in which this technology can indicate fraud, illegal voting (invalid personal vote), multiple votes for the same person or in more than one place as possible.
The main value is that it is clear that the recorded data is not permitted to be altered or modified up to a certain point, even by officials. And it works the same way in other industries – it counts traces of unique and irreparable data that are refreshed every five seconds. Any possible change in the information creates a new fingerprint that makes the corresponding change visible.
Registered information was made available to the public through a dedicated portal. For statistical purposes, this is another level of confidence in the data and its sources, as well as information security.
In terms of bureaucracy in Romania, blockchain has also helped with accountability after the election: managing protocols prepared in each voting division, resulting in lower costs for other organizations and human resources.
Ideas for the innovative blockchain technology that revolutionized voting were presented to the European Union in 2016, when the European Parliament began to consider its implications for the future of democracy, such as moving from an independent paper process to a modern, streamlined, and easy-to-track process. …
Political party elections in Estonia, Norway and Switzerland have already used blockchain technology, but it has been repeatedly recognized that proposals to use the blockchain in national elections must comply with a number of other areas of European law, including privacy and data protection for voters. As an accessibility for all citizens. In Russia, the DLT system was used in the 2019 Moscow elections.
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Sierra Leone used a blockchain-based voting system in the 2018 presidential elections and became the first country to do so, in which the blockchain was seen as the savior of the electoral process, ensuring that elections would take place without corruption in Africa.
Japan is currently planning to partner with the Digital ID application to create its own sequential voting system for use in the elections in Kaga. The partnership plans to create a stable and transparent electoral process with the goal of verifying the identity of the voter and ensuring that only one vote is cast for each person, plus that voters can verify the outcome and whether it was conducted correctly on the blockchain network.
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Scientists and cybersecurity experts agree that DLT-based audio systems are still in an experimental stage. Researchers at the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab do not believe blockchain voting technology is reliable, and they have published a paper explaining that blockchain systems should mitigate the following risks:
Program independence and competitiveness (A mistake in the program should not affect the result of the survey. In the event of an error, can the person running the program agree that the error occurred?)
Voter confirmation and verification.
In principle, voting requirements can be undermined by human intervention and cybersecurity attacks. The fintech department is riddled with thefts.
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